Stroke is a neurological function disorder caused by impaired blood flow in the brain that can occur suddenly in a few seconds or as quickly as within a few hours with symptoms or signs in accordance with the disturbed areas.
According to the WHO definition: stroke is a brain functional disturbance of focal or global acute sudden and lasting more than 24 hours due to interruption of brain blood flow
According to Neil F Gordon: stroke is a potentially fatal disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. No part of the human body can survive if there is interference with the blood supply in a relatively long time because the blood is needed in life, especially oxygen transporting food needed in the brain and the brain dalah central control system of the body including command of all physical movements.
In other words, a stroke is a manifestation of the state of cerebral blood vessels that are not healthy so it can be referred to as “cerebral arterial disease” or “cerebrovascular disease”. Injuries can be caused by blockage of a blood clot, blood vessel constriction, narrowing or blockage and rupture of blood vessels, all of this leads to a lack of adequate blood supply
Physical therapy after a stroke is a specific treatment in the realm of neurorehabilitation (recovery of neurological disease conditions). Patients with post-stroke rehabilitation involve a multi-disciplinary process that involves doctors, nurses, speech therapists, occupational therapists and physiotherapists of course. Rehabilitation of post-stroke patients has been shown to have a positive impact. There are many approaches to doing treatments on post-stroke patients.
Physical therapy treatment after a stroke is an absolute necessity for patients to be able to improve the ability of motion and function. Various methods of Physical therapy interventions such as the use of electrotherapy, hydrotherapy, exercise therapy (Bobath method, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation, Neuro-Developmental Treatment, Sensory Motor Integration, etc) has proved of great benefit in restoring motion and function in post-stroke patients. However, the role of the caregiver and the patient also accompanies determine the success of a given therapy program from physical therapy center.
Rehabilitation is also a long process and everyone involved should carry out these activities. One or two sessions may not be visible results, but they should not give up. With time and effort, many stroke survivors can recover to some degree. Always has to be the prevention of stroke. People who tend to experience a stroke can be determined by their risk factors